Originally published in 1944, The Road to Serfdom has profoundly influenced many of the world’s great leaders, from Orwell and Churchill in the mid-’40s, to Reagan and Thatcher in the ’80s. The book offers persuasive warnings against the dangers of central planning, along with what Orwell described as “an eloquent defense of laissez-faire capitalism”.
Hayek shows that the idea that “under a dictatorial government you can be free inside,” is nothing less than a grievous fallacy. Such dictatorial governments prevent individual freedoms, and they often use psychological measures to perform “an alteration of the character of the people”. Gradually, the people yield their individuality to the point where they become part of the collectivist mass.